Theo-Web. Academic Journal of Religious Education 16 (2017), V.1, 114-130

Is there something like a Christian-occidental value and culture area? Theoretical and empirical analyses on the basis of the value and culture theories of Inglehart and Schwartz

The Religion Monitor 2013, designed to record the correlation between individual or cultural values and religiousness, draws on a sample of 14,045 persons from thirteen countries. Value-related dimensions were operationalized by items from Schwartz’ Portrait Values Questionnaire which not only explores the importance respondents attach to various value orientations, but also interlinks these values in a correlative relationship. Ranked by importance the values of charity, universalism and self-determination are deemed most important by people worldwide, even though cultural characteristics result in differences in the absolute figures between societies. In concordance with the postulates of Inglehart’s and Schwartz’ theories a common occidental-Christian value and culture area can be perceived (Europe, USA and Canada). In principle, for persons of this culture area the self-transcendence values of altruism (charity and universalism) as well as openness values (self-actualization) are more important than for persons from Islamic (Turkey), Jewish (Israel) and Asiatic cultures (South Korea). In addition, in the USA and Canada simulation values are deemed especially significant.

christian-occidental cultural sphere, values, cultural theory, Inglehart, Schwartz, Religion Monitor

Theo-Web. Academic Journal of Religious Education 16 (2017), V.1