Theo-Web. Academic Journal of Religious Education 16 (2017), V.2, xx-yy

Escape as a theme of the Bible. Exegetical proposals for a migration-sensitive biblical didactics

Migration experiences in ancient Israel have left a lasting mark on the reflection of God and the ethical and narrative traditions in the Hebrew Bible. This article offers biblical-exegetical insights, focusing on cases of forced migration — i.e. flight, ex-pulsion and deportation. These situations are always experienced in the Bible as a serious biographical crisis in the face of the ideal of trans-generational sedentari-ness in one location. Thus, stories of flight unfold against a background of hope for a new place of settlement. God is frequently understood as a support and savior and depicted accordingly. The causes of flight are war, hunger and economic hardship, as well as familial and political conflicts. In individual miniatures (Exodus, Ruth, Joseph, Hagar) overarching aspects are concretized. Old-Israeli migration experi-ences lead to the conception of a rescuing-escorting God and, in ethical terms, to legal protection for nonresident migrants. Subsequently, the article develops op-portunities for a migration-sensitive biblical didactics, such as the empathic imagi-nation of the reduced narrative. At the same time, the author critically warns that biblical flight experiences should not be hastily coopted as salvation history or mis-applied as “experiences of grace” or “learning opportunities of faith.” An overview of biblical flight stories can be found in the appendix.

Migration, Bibel, Flucht, Vertreibung, Deportation, Mt 2, Exodus, Rut, Hagar, Deportation, Heimkehr, Schutz des/der Fremden, ortsflexible Identitätsmuster

Theo-Web. Academic Journal of Religious Education 16 (2017), V.2